“Infertility – Barrenness
Infertility, commonly known as barrenness, is a diagnosis given when couples engaging in regular unprotected intercourse fail to achieve a positive pregnancy result within a year. This diagnosis is also applicable if there has been no previous pregnancy. If a woman has never experienced pregnancy before, it is diagnosed as primary (first) infertility. However, if she has had a pregnancy before but experiences difficulty conceiving afterward, it is diagnosed as secondary infertility. The frequency of secondary infertility ranges between 5% and 10%, meaning that one in ten individuals may struggle to conceive. Therefore, in such cases, treatment is needed. The question “What is Infertility?” can be answered with the explanation provided above.
Couples engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse at least twice a week have a 50% chance of conceiving within an average of 6 months and an 84% chance within a year. If pregnancy does not occur after a year, the chances of achieving a positive result diminish to an average of 3-5%. Hence, couples who do not achieve pregnancy after one year should be treated based on the cause of infertility. For treatment, couples need to consult a gynecologist and seek recommendations. If the woman is over 35 years old, waiting for about 6 months may be sufficient. On the other hand, if there is no reason for not getting pregnant, there is no need to wait for this period.
Male Infertility – What Is It?
What is male infertility? It can be described as the situation where a man engages in regular unprotected sexual intercourse but cannot become a father. Generally, this condition negatively affects men’s sexual lives. When examining the symptoms of male infertility, it is often observed that this condition occurs due to reasons such as difficulty and burning during urination. To reach a precise diagnosis, consulting Dr. Müstecep Kavrut after 2 to 7 days of intercourse restriction would be beneficial. The most important stage of treatment, diagnosis, is crucial at this point. Various tests are conducted to diagnose such issues in men, including sperm tests and ultrasonography. Additionally, a doctor’s examination can accurately identify the causes of infertility in men. Health problems such as systemic diseases, obstructive pathologies, endocrine pathologies (hypogonadism), varicocele, unexplained conditions, undescended testis, erection problems, hypospadias, and other factors can contribute to male infertility.
Causes of Male Infertility
Male infertility can be associated with various factors. Sperm-related factors include abnormalities in sperm shape (morphology), low sperm count (oligospermia), and reduced sperm motility. Structural abnormalities, obstructions, or issues with the male reproductive system can also contribute to infertility. Some common causes include:
- Varicocele: Swelling of veins in the testes, which may impact sperm production and quality.
- Disorders in Male Reproductive Organs: Inflammation of the testicles (orchitis), sexually transmitted diseases, and inflammation of the epididymis can lead to infertility.
- Hormonal Disorders: Imbalances in hormones produced by the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, or testicles.
- Erection and Ejaculation Disorders: Problems like premature ejaculation or retrograde ejaculation.
- Genetic Causes: Chromosomal abnormalities such as Klinefelter syndrome.
- Lifestyle Factors: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, and exposure to environmental toxins.
- Psychological Factors: Stress and psychological issues affecting hormonal balance.
- Age: Advanced paternal age can be a factor in male infertility.
These factors often interact, and a comprehensive evaluation is essential for an accurate diagnosis. Treatment approaches may include medications, surgery, assisted reproductive technologies (ART), sperm retrieval techniques, lifestyle modifications, and counseling.
Male Infertility Treatment
The treatment of male infertility depends on the underlying cause identified through diagnostic tests. Lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and reducing alcohol consumption, may be beneficial. Medications can address hormonal imbalances, and surgical procedures may be necessary to correct anatomical issues like varicocele. ART procedures, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), may be recommended if other treatments are unsuccessful. Sperm retrieval techniques and lifestyle modifications can also be part of the treatment plan. Dr. Müstecep Kavrut employs various microsurgical and endoscopic treatments to assist couples in overcoming infertility challenges.
Male Infertility Test
A male infertility test, also known as a sperm test, examines the health and viability of sperm. The analysis of sperm during ejaculation involves evaluating the quantity and quality of motile sperm cells. The results of this test provide insights into the man’s reproductive potential. If couples trying to conceive have not achieved pregnancy after a year of regular unprotected intercourse, the first step is often a sperm test. This test helps determine the quantity and quality of healthy, motile sperm cells needed for reproduction.
Varicocele and Canal Obstruction Treatment
Varicocele, a common condition in men, is often associated with infertility. Microsurgical techniques can be employed to treat varicocele, helping improve sperm quality and increasing the chances of pregnancy. Additionally, canal obstruction, whether congenital or acquired, can be treated using microsurgical methods. Dr. Müstecep Kavrut specializes in these microsurgical approaches to address male infertility.
Prevention of Male Infertility
Preventing male infertility involves addressing modifiable risk factors and maintaining overall health. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management, contributes to reproductive health. Avoiding smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and drug use is essential. Protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and prompt treatment of any reproductive health issues are important preventive measures.
Male infertility is a complex issue with various potential causes, ranging from hormonal imbalances and structural abnormalities to lifestyle factors. Dr. Müstecep Kavrut, with his expertise in microsurgery and assisted reproductive technologies, provides comprehensive diagnostic and treatment services for male infertility. Couples experiencing difficulty conceiving should seek timely medical intervention to identify and address the underlying causes. With personalized and effective treatment plans, Dr. Kavrut aims to help couples achieve their dream of parenthood.”